(Introduction to Open Access in Education)
Open access is defined as the free unrestricted access to scientific and scholarly with the use of the internet and traditional publication methods. This is a definition that can be found in many public statements. As students when searching for articles for research we are often encountered with the problem of not accessing articles without paying a certain fee.
The problems in traditional publishing arises with evolving of technology where publishing and distributing costs of journals and articles have started to decrease. However, the price to obtain journals, books and articles seem to be inflating .
Open access leads to many advantages in different areas and impacts different organisations and individuals.
Authors are able to gain access to information at low cost and produce quality papers with high factual evidence without facing problems of property rights.
Researchers are able to better understand underlying concepts and find solutions to problems and cures for diseases as cost of obtaining information would be low.
Students gain access to information needed for research and go in-depth into their fields and progress in academia.
Citizens are able to get access to knowledge and increase their intellectual knowledge about different subjects.
Enterprises are able to access critical information needed in decision making and in the phase R&D. This would result in quality and innovative products and economies of scale.
Publishers are able to get more exposure and find more distribution channels leading to ultimate visibility of articles and journals published.
(How free flow of information can impact bio medicine)
Ultimately research, authoring, publishing an academic piece consumes a lot of time and money. Although research is funded by states in countries such as Australia and
New Zealand, countries such as Switzerland and Japan only 10% of research is state funded. (Storer, 2015). Eventually bills need to be paid and the only way to do that is by turning a profit on the research.
By encouraging open access, it eventually leads increase in competition between researches and scientists. This would lead to problems of theories and concepts being stolen by others in the field. This was the main reason publishers were brought into the picture during the 17th century. By implementing open access, it could also lead to less moderation and regulation. Papers that are poorly done would increase and the value of research would start to decrease. A good practical example could be the fact the students are not allowed to use Wikipedia for the purposes of research as the platform allows for anyone to edit and publish information even with factual inconsistencies
(General disadvantageous effects of open access)
In conclusion open access is a good model to implement. However it needs to be incorporated into various other models to make it more feasible and profitable to researchers and institutes.
(Here is a video I made summarising some of the Advantages and Disadvantages)
(Cold spring harbour Laboratory Library) :
(Kortemeyer , 2013 for EducaseReview) :
(Hawkins,2014 for University of North Texas Libraries):
(Storer,2015 for sirsidynix):